Q1. 
$B$ as a percentage of $A$ is equal to $A$ as a percentage of $(A + B)$. Find $B$ as a percentage of $A$. 
A.  $62\%$ 

B.  $73\%$ 

C.  $41\%$ 

D.  $57\%$ 
Q2. 
If the price of petrol increases by $25%$ and Raj intends to spend only an additional $15%$ on petrol, by how much $%$ will he reduce the quantity of petrol purchased? 
A.  $10\%$ 

B.  $12\%$ 

C.  $8\%$ 

D.  $6.67\%$ 
Q3. 
A shepherd has 1 million sheep at the beginning of Year 2000. The numbers grow by $x% (x > 0)$ during the year. A famine hits his village in the next year and many of his sheep die. The sheep population decreases by $y%$ during 2001 and at the beginning of 2002 the shepherd finds that he is left with 1 million sheep. Which of the following is correct? 
A.  $x > y$ 

B.  $y > x$ 

C.  $x = y$ 

D.  Cannot be determined 
Q4. 
A candidate who gets $20\%$ marks fails by 10 marks but another candidate who gets $42\%$ marks gets $12\%$ more than the passing marks. Find the maximum marks. 
A.  50 

B.  100 

C.  150 

D.  200 
Q5. 
Peter got $30%$ of the maximum marks in an examination and failed by 10 marks. However, Paul who took the same examination got $40%$ of the total marks and got 15 marks more than the passing marks. What were the passing marks in the examination? 
A.  35 

B.  250 

C.  75 

D.  85 