Firoz Shah Tughlaq was the cousin brother of Muhammad Bin Tughlaq, and became the ruler of Delhi on 23rd march 1351 A.D.
He imposed only four taxes sanctioned by Islamic viz., kharaj (land tax), khams (1/5 of the looted property during wars), Jizya (religious tax on the Hindus), and Zakat (2.5 per cent of the income of the Muslims which was spent for the welfare of Muslim subjects and their religion).
He imposed irrigation tax after getting it sanctioned from the Ulema.
Section-1: Medieval Indian History Question - 12
During the Delhi Sultanate, who among the following were called the Barids?
Barid-i-mumalik was the head of the information and intelligence department.
Only a nobleman who enjoyed the fullest confidence of Sultan was appointed the chief barid.
The Barid-i-Mumalik had to keep information of all that was happening in the Sultanate. At local level there were barids who used to send regular news concerning the matters of the state to the central office working as a spy/news reporters.
Apart from barids, another set of reporters also existed who were known as Munihiyan.
Section-1: Medieval Indian History Question - 13
Jonaraja in his Dvitiya Rajatarangini, continued the narration of Kalhana upto which among the following rulers of Kashmir?
Rajatarangini (“The River of Kings”) is a metrical historical chronicle of north-western Indian subcontinent, particularly the kings of Kashmir, written in Sanskrit by Kashmiri Brahman Kalhana in 12th century CE.
Jonaraja in his Dvitiya Rajatarangini, continued the narration of Kalhana upto Sultan Zainul Abidin (1423-1474), who was a sultan of Kashmir.
Section-1: Medieval Indian History Question - 14
With reference to Mughal Era, the terms “Elchi”or “Safir” refer to ___?