Digboi is a town and a town area committee in Tinsukia district in the north-eastern part of the state of Assam, India.
Crude oil was discovered here in late 19th century. Digboi is known as the Oil City of Assam where the first oil well in Asia was drilled.
The first refinery was started here as early as 1901. Digboi has the oldest oil well in operation. The Digboi Refinery modernization project was taken up in large scale in order to overcome the technological obsolescence of the old refinery.
Subsequently a number of other major projects were undertaken by Assam Oil Division to further revamp and modernize Digboi Refinery.
Digboi refinery has been awarded the ISO-14001 and OHSMC certificate.
Section-1: Modern Indian History Question - 8
With reference to the relations of the Princely states with British Crown, which among the following report said that “Paramountcy must remain paramount”?
Harcourt Butler Committee A three -member committee headed by Harcourt Butler, appointed on December 16, 1927 to examine the relations between the native states and the paramount power, declined to define what paramountcy was but clearly and fortrightly stated that “paramountcy must remain paramount”.
The committee fully endorsed that the viceroy, not the governor general should remain the Crown agent in dealing with the native states.
In fact the right to protect includes right to internal intervention. Paramountcy is the supreme sovereign power which was kept above the reach of law and interpretation, to be exercised at the appropriate time subject to resiraints of morality and constitutional propriety against an erring ruler of a native statewhen other correctional means had proved to be futile.
It is a concept developed into a deterrent in the political relation between the British and the Indian rulers.
Section-1: Modern Indian History Question - 9
Who among the following was the author of Anand Math?
Declaration of Independence Pledge Though the congress passed the Poorna Swaraj Resolution in December 1929, it was a month later on January 26, 1930, when a Pledge of Indian Independence also known as Declaration of Independence was taken.
While the Poorna Swaraj Resolution was drafted by Jawaharlal Lal Nehru, the “Declaration of Independence” pledge was drafted by Mahatma Gandhi in 1930 and it echoed the essence of American Declaration of Independence.
After this pledge January 26, 1930 was declared as Independence Day by Indian National Congress.