Data Interpretation Discussion

**Common Information**

The bar graph given below shows the percentage distribution of the total expenditures of a company under various expense heads during 2003.

Q. |
The expenditure on the interest on loans is by what percent more than the expenditure on transport? |

✖ A. |
5% |

✖ B. |
10% |

✖ C. |
20% |

✔ D. |
40% |

**Solution:**

Option(**D**) is correct

Let the total amount of expenditures be Rs. $x$.

Then, the expenditure on interest on loans:

$= \text{Rs. }(17.5\%\text{ of }x)$

$= \text{Rs. }\left(\dfrac{17.5x}{100}\right)$

and the expenditure on transport:

$= \text{Rs. }(12.5\%\text{ of }x)$

$= \text{Rs. }\left(\dfrac{12.5x}{100}\right)$

So difference between the two expenditures:

$= \text{Rs. }\left(\dfrac{17.5x}{100}\right)-\left(\dfrac{12.5x}{100}\right)$

$= \text{Rs. }(\dfrac{5x}{100})$

and so, the required percentage:

$= \left[\left(\dfrac{5x/100}{12.5x/100}\right) ×100\right]$%

= **40%**

**DEVESH BALLANI**

*()
*

5/12.5

=(1.25 +1.25 +1.25 +1.25)/12.5

=10% +10% + 10% +10%

=40%