Bar Charts
Data Interpretation

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Common Information

The following bar graph shows the Income and Expenditures (in million US $) of five companies in the year 2001. The percent profit or loss of a company is given by:

[text{%Profit/Loss} = left(dfrac{text{Income – Expenditure}}{text{Expenditure}}right) × 100]

Common information image for Bar Charts, Data Interpretation:1052-1

Q.

Common Information Question: 3/5

Which company earned the maximum percentage profit in the year 2001?

 A.

M

 B.

N

 C.

P

 D.

Q

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Solution:
Option(D) is correct

The percentage profit/loss in the year 2001 for various companies are:

For $M =\left[\dfrac{35 - 45}{ 45} × 100\right]\%$

$= -22.22\%$

i.e., Loss $= 22.22\%.$

For $N =\left[\dfrac{50 - 40}{40} × 100\right]\%$

$= 25\%$

i.e., Profit $= 25\%.$

For $P =\left[\dfrac{40 - 45}{45} × 100\right]\%$

$= -11.11\%$

i.e., Loss $= 11.11\%.$

For $Q =\left[\dfrac{40 - 30}{30} × 100\right]\%$

$= 33.33\%$

i.e., Profit $= 33.33\%.$

For $R =\left[\dfrac{50 - 45}{45} × 100\right]\%$

$= 11.11\%$

i.e., Profit $= 11.11\%.$

Clearly, the Company $Q$ earned the maximum profit in 2001


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