Reading Comprehension
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Common Information

On the whole, the American population has very little taste for income redistribution as economic policy. Beginning in the 1930s, public opinion polls have rarely shown strong support for income redistribution; during times of economic hardship, the percentage of Americans in favor of such a system has barely crested 50 percent. Similarly, Americans have been reluctant to press for a limit on the profits of big corporations, with less than a third of those polled in the 20 year span between 1950 and 1970 favouring such a policy.

Even during the Depression, the populace was reluctant to embrace income redistribution as a solution to the country’s woes. In 1939, over 60 percent of respondents indicated that the government should not increase taxes on the wealthy and an overwhelming majority—over 80 percent—rejected the idea of the government confiscating wealth. Clearly, the American spirit of Lockean liberalism and rugged individualism runs deep. It appears that most people are content to trust income distribution to the private market.

Of course, while overall support for income distribution remains low on average, there are some significant differences in levels of support based on income levels. As expected, those in the lowest income bracket demonstrate the strongest support for employment and income maintenance programs. However, contrary to expectations, these differences in support were not largest during the volatile economic times of the 1930s and 1940s. Rather, the documented differences in support based on income have been relatively stable over time. On the whole, political scientists have noticed anywhere from a 22 percent to 34 percent difference between the opinions of those classified as "prosperous" and those classified as "poor" on the question of income redistribution.


Common Information Question: 1/4

The main point made by the passage is that:


The American spirit of Lockean liberalism is primarily responsible for the population’s rejection of income redistribution.


Despite some variations in support based on income levels, the American population on the whole views income redistribution policies with disfavour, even during times of economic hardship.


Although polls have indicated some variation in response level, on the whole, less than 50 percent of Americans support income redistribution.


Poll results on government income redistribution policies have remained stable over time, even during periods of economic hardship.


Income redistribution is not viewed as the solution to economic difficulties by the majority of American citizens.

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Option(B) is correct

This a main idea question. The big idea in the first paragraph is that Americans don’t support income redistribution.

The second paragraph adds that this view held even during the Great Depression, while the third paragraph indicates that there is some difference in views based on income level, but these differences are relatively stable.

Choice A is not the main idea because the author does not assert that Lockean liberalism is the primary cause.

Choice C says that polls indicate "variation in response level," but the passage mentions variation in support level.

Choice D only mentions one aspect of the passage.

Choice E is also slightly too narrow.

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