Data Interpretation Discussion

**Common Information**

Company XYZ manufactures seven different products - P, Q, R, S, T, U and V. The following pie- charts give the product wise split-up of the total production, total expenses and total sales of the company in a year.

For any product,

[text{Profit} = text{Sales (by value)} - text{Expenses}]

[text{Profitability (%)} = dfrac{text{Profit}}{text{Sales (by value)}}×100]

It is known that the company made a profit on each of its products and the units of any product sold in a year are only those that are manufactured in the same year.

Q. |
For which product is the expenditure per unit produced the highest? |

✖ A. |
$R$ |

✖ B. |
$S$ |

✖ C. |
$T$ |

✔ D. |
$V$ |

**Solution:**

Option(**D**) is correct

The manufacturing cost per unit would be the highest for the product for which the ratio of share of expenses to the share of production {by volume} is the highest.

By observation. this ratio is the highest for $\textbf{V}$.