Critical Reasoning
Verbal Ability

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Q.

Museums that house Renaissance oil paintings typically store them in environments that are carefully kept within  narrow margins of temperature and humidity to inhibit any deterioration. Laboratory tests have shown that the kind of oil paint used in these paintings actually adjusts to climatic changes quite well. If, as some museum directors believe, paint is the most sensitive substance in these works, then by relaxing the standards for temperature and humidity control, museums can reduce energy costs without risking damage to these paintings. Museums would be rash to relax those standards, however, since results of preliminary tests indicate that gesso, a compound routinely used by Renaissance artists to help paint adhere to the canvas, is unable to withstand significant variations in humidity.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

 A.

The first is an objection that has been raised against the position taken by the argument; the second is the position taken by the argument.

 B.

The first is the position taken by the argument; the second is the position that the argument calls into question.

 C.

The first is a judgment that has been offered in support of the position that the argument calls into question; the second is a circumstance on which that judgment is, in part, based.

 D.

The first is a judgment that has been offered in support of the position that the argument calls into question; the second is that position.

 E.

The first is a claim that the argument calls into question; the second is the position taken by the argument.

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Solution:
Option(D) is correct

Option A :  This option mistakenly claims that the argument adopts the second statement as its position when in fact the argument calls this position into question.

Option B :  Rather than adopting the first statement, the argument offers evidence that calls it into question.

Option C : This option contends that the first statement is a judgment that is based on the second; in fact the opposite is true.

Option D : Correct. This option properly identifies the roles the two portions in boldface play in the argument.

Option E : While the argument does call the first statement into the question, it also calls the second statement into question.

The correct answer is D.

Edit: Question has been modified (a portion is made bold-faced) after it was pointed out by Vignesh.


(2) Comment(s)


Vignesh
 ()

The boldfaced portion is missing.


Deepak
 ()

Thank you Vignesh, for notifying it, correct it.