In the country of Russia, the past two years' broad economic recession has included a business downturn in clothing trade, where sales are down by about 7 percent as compared to two years ago. Clothing wholesalers have found, however, that the proportion of credit extended to retailers that was paid off on time fell sharply in the first year of the recession but returned to its prerecession level in the second year.
Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the change between the first and the second year of recession in the proportion of credit not paid off on time?
The total amount of credit extended to retailers by clothing wholesalers increased between the first year of the recession and the second year.
Between the first and second years of the recession, clothing retailers in Russia saw many of their costs, rent and utilities in particular, increase.
Of the considerable number of clothing retailers in Russia who were having financial difficulties before the start of the recession, virtually all were forced to go out of business during its first year.
Clothing retailers in Russia attempted to stimulate sales in the second year of the recession by discounting merchandise.
Relatively recession-proof segments of the clothing trade, such as work clothes, did not suffer any decrease in sales during the first year of the recession.
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