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Q.

A solar eclipse is a type of eclipse that occurs when:

 A.

the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth

 B.

the Earth is between the Moon and the Sun

 C.

the Sun is between the Moon and the Earth

 D.

the moon does not lie on the line joining the sun and the earth

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Solution:
Option(A) is correct

As seen from the Earth, a solar eclipse is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and the Moon fully or partially blocks ("occults") the Sun.

This can happen only at new moon, when the Sun and the Moon are in conjunction as seen from Earth in an alignment referred to as syzygy.


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