Balban’s theory of kingship had two main objectives:
First, to enhance the prestige of the crown through elaborate court rituals.
Second, the restoration of law and order and had to choose between ‘consolidation’ and ‘expansion’ as the guiding principle of his administrative policy.
He preferred consolidation. He himself called Naib-i-Khudai or Deputy of God and impressed upon the people that kingship was vice-regency of god on earth.