Sentence Correction
Verbal Ability

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Q.

Warning that terrorists remain determined to strike the country, senior government officials urged citizens to remain vigilant and report suspicious behavior, taking actions necessary to speed up the recovery from an economic catastrophe should terrorists succeed in launching an attack.

 A.

to remain vigilant and report suspicious behavior, taking actions necessary to speed up the recovery from an economic catastrophe

 B.

to remain vigilant, reporting suspicious behavior and take actions to speed up the recovery from an economic catastrophe

 C.

to be remaining vigilant, reporting suspicious behavior, and taking actions necessary to speed up the recovery from an economic catastrophe

 D.

to remain vigilant, report suspicious behavior, and take actions to speed up the recovery from an economic catastrophe

 E.

to be more vigilant in reporting suspicious behavior and taking actions necessary to speed up the recovery from an economic catastrophe

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Solution:
Option(D) is correct

There are two main problems with the original sentence:

(1) The government authorities urged citizens to do three things: remain vigilant, report suspicious behavior, and take actions to speed up the recovery from an economic catastrophe. Consequently, these three requests from the government need to be parallel. In this case, each command should be in the infinitive form (e.g., to remainto report, andto take). The original sentence wrongly constructs the phrase taking actions necessary to speed up the recovery from an economic catastrophe such that it modifies the two previous actions. Instead, this phrase should reflect the fact that taking actions... is a third action that the government is urging citizens to take. In short, the three actions that the government is urging are not parallel and they should be.

(2) taking actions necessary... illogically modifies the command to remain vigilant and report suspicious behavior because these two actions would not speed up the recovery from an economic catastrophe. In other words, it does not make sense that remaining vigilant and reporting suspicious behavior (two actions that would occur before an attack) would be modified such that these are actions that speed up the recovery from an attack.

A. The three actions that the government urged are not parallel (i.e., to remain is not parallel with taking); the word necessary is not needed

B. The three actions that the government urged are not parallel (i.e., to remain is not parallel with reporting and take)

C. The three actions that the government urged are not parallel (i.e., to remain is not parallel with reporting and taking); the word necessary is not needed

D. The sentence is correctly constructed as the three actions that the government urged are parallel; the un-needed word necessary is omitted

E. The meaning of the original sentence is distorted as this sentence indicates that the government asked citizens to be more vigilant in reporting suspicious behavior (a single command) while the original sentence separated the command to remain vigilant and the command to report suspicious behavior; the three actions that the government urged are not parallel


(3) Comment(s)


Raj Singh
 ()

Answer should be (A) because logically Govt. official can urge citizens to be vigilant and report suspicious behavior but cannot urge to take necessary actions on Economic recovery. So, warning of terrorist and taking necessary action for Economic recovery are actions to be performed by Govt. official. Taking necessary action for Economic recovery action is an offshoot of earlier action so we cannot use "to take", in fact, we should use "taking".



Rahul Singh
 ()

How does one know when to use a participial phrase that modifies the subject of the sentence or the last noun it touches?


Riya
 ()

You don't HAVE to use participle phrase, it is only a choice. Though if you ARE using this there are certain rules.

Participial phrases can go at the beginning, at the middle, or at the end position of sentences.

Separate them from the main clause of the sentence with a comma (unless they’re positioned at the end of a sentence AND come immediately after the noun they modify, OR the phrase is a restrictive one (The man hoping to leave was my brother).

  • If the participial phrase comes before the main clause, put a comma after the participial phrase
  • If the participial phrase comes in the middle of the sentence, the phrase requires commas both before and after it
  • If the participial phrase comes after the main clause, put a comma before the participial phrase