Reading Comprehension
Verbal Ability

 Back to Questions

Common Information

In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of the most influential, even if it has been said that no thinker has ever had his words more badly misrepresented, by supporters and detractors alike, than Karl Marx. After Marx, no social discipline was safe from an assault by Marxist thinkers. However, while the views and insights brought to bear by Marxists have helped to illuminate relationships in some disciplines, the Marxist worldview has been less successful when applied to certain human interactions.

For example, Marxist perspectives on global power relations have been assailed by many critics. Because Marx himself was especially concerned with economics, his followers have tended to elevate economic concerns, including the class struggle and control over the means of production, over all other areas. Thus, when analyzing the balance of power on a global level, key concepts such as nationalism, security, and the state are virtually ignored by Marxist scholars.

On a theoretical level, it may be useful to strip away these concepts to more closely examine certain other dynamics at work, but the Marxist view often fails to describe what actually happens in the real world. Consider the strong nationalism evident in Poland, even after generations of one-party Communist rule.

Also, the Marxist devotion to capitalism leads to simplifications on the world stage. Marxist political scientists typically refer to the "world capitalist system" when analyzing interactions among nations, but this definition has less and less relevance when applied to the variety of economies at work in the world. Where do countries with transitional or developing economies such as China, Russia, and North Korea fit into this schema? Ultimately, a Marxist view of global interactions sacrifices a great many crucial concepts at the altar of one overarching economic perspective. Some critics have likened such a view to an analysis of Shakespeare’s Hamlet that neglects to discuss the protagonist and his motivations.


Common Information Question: 1/4

The passage suggests which of the following about Karl Marx?


Marx has had more influence on more disciplines than has any other thinker.


He focused too much of his efforts on economic issues.


Some believe the meaning of his work has been distorted to support a variety of views.


Marx launched an assault on the social sciences.


Marx’s views have been less than successful in describing economic relationships.

 Hide Ans

Option(C) is correct

This is an inference question. The answer is in the first paragraph, where the author discusses Marx. The author says "it has been said that no thinker has ever had his words more badly misrepresented, by supporters and detractors alike, than Karl Marx."
This supports choice C.

Choice A is a trap that goes too far. There is a difference between saying someone is "one of the most influential" and "the most influential."

Choice B is not a valid inference. Nothing in the passage suggests Marx spent "too much" time on economics, just that he was "especially concerned" with it.

Choice D is incorrect because the passage states that "Marx’s followers" launched an assault, not Marx.

Choice E uses some of the right words, but gets the meaning wrong. Marx’s views have been less than successful in describing global relations, not economics.

(0) Comment(s)