Critical Reasoning
Verbal Test Questions and Answers

1. Introduction

Critical reasoning questions are designed to test the reasoning skills involved in

  1. making arguments
  2. evaluating arguments
  3. formulating or evaluating a plan of action.

Critical reasoning is generally an argument and it is broken down into four parts generally

1.1. Premise

A premise gives a reason why something should be believed. The indicators are because, since, for example.


1.2. Additional Premise

This is the additional information to the given premise. It follows indicators like moreover, due to, in addition to, further more etc.


1.3. Counter Premise

It indicates that it is against the given premise. This generally carries indicators like but, yet however, in contrast, although, still, after all etc.


1.4. Conclusion

It is a point the author tries to prove using another statement. The indicators are thus, hence, consequently, as a result etc.


2. Some Insights

Answering critical reasoning questions requires no specialized knowledge of any particular field; you don't have to have knowledge of the terminology and conventions of formal logic.

In these questions, you are to analyze the situation on which each question is based, and then select the answer choice that most appropriately answers the question. Begin by reading the passages carefully, then reading the five answer choices. If the correct answer is not immediately obvious to you, see whether you can eliminate some of the wrong answers. Reading the passage a second time may be helpful in illuminating subtleties that were not immediately evident.


3. Area of Measurement

Critical reasoning questions are designed to provide one measure of your ability to reason effectively in the following areas:


3.1 Argument Construction

Questions in this category may ask you to recognize such things as the basic structure of an argument, properly drawn conclusions, underlying assumptions, well-supported explanatory hypotheses, and parallels between structurally similar arguments.


3.2. Argument Evaluation

These questions may ask you to analyze a given argument and to recognize such things as factors that would strengthen or weaken the given argument; reasoning errors committed in making that argument; and aspects of the method by which the argument proceeds.


3.3. Formulating and Evaluating a Plan of Action

This type of question may ask you to recognize such things as the relative appropriateness, effectiveness, or efficiency of different plans of action; factors that would strengthen or weaken the prospects of success of a proposed plan of action; and assumptions underlying a proposed plan of action.



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