Practice Questions on Critical Reasoning
Verbal Test Questions and Answers

Easy Critical Reasoning Question - 6

Q6.

While many people think of genetic manipulation of food crops as being aimed at developing larger and larger  , some plant breeders have in fact concentrated on discovering or producing dwarf varieties, which are roughly half as tall as normal varieties. Which of the following would, if true, most help to explain the strategy of the plantbreeders referred to above?

A.

Plant varieties used as food by some are used as ornamentals by others.

B.

The wholesale prices of a given crop decrease as the supply of it increases

C.

Crops once produced exclusively for human consumption are often now used for animal feed.

D.

Short plants are less vulnerable to strong wind and heavy rains

E.

Nations with large industrial sectors tend to consume more processed grains.

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Easy Critical Reasoning Question - 7

Q7.

Hollywood restaurant is replacing some of its standard tables with tall tables and stool's. The restaurant already fills every available seat duringits operating hours, and the change in seating arrangements will not result in increase in the restaurant's seating capacity. Nonetheless, the restaurant's management expects revenue to increase as a result of the seating change without any concurrent change in menu, prices, or operating hours.

Which of the following, if true, provides the best reason for the expectation?

A.

One of the taller tables takes up less floor space than one of the standard tables

B.

Diners seated on stools typically do not linger over dinner as long as diners seated at standard tables.

C.

Since the restaurant will replace only some of its standard tables, it can continue to accommodate customers who do not care for the taller tables.

D.

Few diners are likely to avoid the restaurant because of the new seating arrangement.

E.

The standard tables being replaced by tall tables would otherwise have to be replaced with new standard tables at a greater expense.

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Easy Critical Reasoning Question - 8

Q8.

Parland's alligator population has been declining in recent years, primarily because of hunting. Alligators prey heavily on a species of fresh water fish that is highly valued as food by Parlanders, who had hoped that the decline in the alligator population would lead to an increase in the numbers of these fish available for human consumption. Yet the population of this fish species has also declined, even though the annual number caught for human consumption has not increased.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the decline in the population of the fish species?

A.

The decline inthe alligator population has meant that fishers can work in some parts of lakes and rivers that were formerly too dangerous.

B.

Over the last few years, Parland's commercial fishing enterprises have increased the number of fishing boats they use.

C.

The main predator of these fish is another species of fish on which alligators also prey.

D.

Many Parlanders who hunt alligators do so because of the high market price of alligator skins, not because of the threat alligators pose to the fish population.

E.

In several neighboring countries through which Parland's rivers also flow, alligators are at risk of extinction as a result of extensive hunting.

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Easy Critical Reasoning Question - 9

Q9.

Traverton's city council wants to minimize the city's average yearly expenditures on its traffic signal lights and so is considering replacing the incandescent bulbs currently in use with arrays of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) as the in candescent bulbs burn out. Compared to incandescent bulbs, LED arrays consume significantly less energy and cost no more to purchase. Moreover, the costs associated with the conversion of existing fixtures so as to accept LED arrays would be minimal.

Which of the following would it be most useful to know in determining whether switching to LED arrays would be likely to help minimize Traverton's yearly maintenance costs?

A.

Whether the expected service life of LED arrays is at least as long as that ofthe currently used incandescent bulbs

B.

Whether anycities have switched from incandescent lights in theirtraffic signalsto lighting elements other than LED arrays

C.

Whether anycities have switched from incandescent lights in theirtraffic signalsto lighting elements other than LED arrays

D.

Whether Traverton's city council plansto increase the numberof traffic signal lights in Traverton

E.

Whether the crews that currently replace incandescent bulbs inTraverton's traffic signals know how to convert the existing fixtures so as to accept LED arrays

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Easy Critical Reasoning Question - 10

Q10.

Physician : The hormone melatonin has shown promise as a medication for sleep disorders when taken in synthesized form. Because the long-term side effects of synthetic melatonin are unknown, however, I cannot recommend its use at this time.

Patient : Your position is inconsistent with your usual practice. You prescribe many medications that you know have serious side effects, so concern about side effects cannot be the real reason youwill not prescribe melatonin.

The patient's argument is flawed because it fails to consider that

A.

the side effects of synthetic melatonin might be different from those of naturally produced melatonin

B.

it is possible that the physician does not believe that melatonin has been conclusively shown to be effective

C.

sleep disorders, if left untreated, might lead to serious medical complications

D.

the side effects of a medication can take some time to manifest themselves

E.

known risks can be weighed against known benefits, but unknown risks cannot

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