Practice Questions on Critical Reasoning
Verbal Test Questions and Answers

Moderate Critical Reasoning Question - 6

Q6.

The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: In a recent mail survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing time spent per week using computers report no change intime spent watching television.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

A.

Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly

B.

Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people who report that they rarely or never use computers

C.

Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the amount of time spent per week using computers increases

D.

Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending increasing amounts of time per week using computers

E.

Whether the survey respondents' reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work

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Moderate Critical Reasoning Question - 7

Q7.

Although parapsychology is often considered a pseudoscience, it is in fact a genuine scientific enterprise, for it uses scientific methods such as controlled experiments and statistical tests of clearly stated hypotheses to examine the questions it raises.

The conclusion above is properly drawn ifwhich of the following is assumed?

A.

If a field of study can conclusively answer the questions it raises, then it is a genuine science.

B.

Since parapsychology uses scientific methods, it will produce credible results.

C.

Any enterprise that does not use controlled experiments and statistical tests is not genuine science.

D.

Any field of study that employs scientific methods is a genuine scientific enterprise.

E.

Since parapsychology raises clearly statable questions, they can be tested in controlled experiments.

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Moderate Critical Reasoning Question - 8

Q8.

Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by customers who pay their bill in cash tend to be larger when the bill is presented on a tray that bears a credit-card logo. Consumer psychologists hypothesize that simply seeing a credit-card logo makes many credit-card holders willing to spend more because it reminds them that their spending power exceeds the cash they have immediately available.

Which of the following, if true, most stronglysupports the psychologists' interpretation of the studies?

A.

The effect noted in the studies is not limited to patrons who have credit cards.

B.

Patrons who are under financial pressure from their credit-card obligations tend to tip less when presented with a restaurant bill on a tray with a credit-card logothan when the tray has no logo.

C.

In virtually all of the cases in the studies, the patrons who paid bills in cash did not possess credit cards.

D.

In general, restaurant patrons who paytheir bills in cash leave larger tips than do those who pay by credit card.

E.

The percentage of restaurant bills paid with a given brand of credit card increases when that credit card's logo is displayed on the tray with which the bill is presented.

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Moderate Critical Reasoning Question - 9

Q9.

As a construction material, bamboo is as strong as steel and sturdier than concrete. Moreover, in tropical areas bamboo is a much less expensive construction material than either steel or concrete and is always readily available. In tropical areas, therefore, building with bamboo makes better economic sense than building with steel or concrete, except where land values are high.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the exception noted above?

A.

Buildings constructed of bamboo are less likely to suffer earthquake damage than are steel and concrete buildings.

B.

Bamboo is unsuitable as a building material for multi story buildings.

C.

In order to protect it from being damaged by termites and beetles, bamboo must be soaked, at some expense, in a preservative.

D.

In some tropical areas, bamboo is used to make the scaffolding that is used during large construction projects.

E.

Bamboo growing in an area where land values are increasing is often cleared to make way for construction.

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Moderate Critical Reasoning Question - 10

Q10.

In the country of Russia, the past two years'   broad   economic recession has included a business downturn in clothing trade, where sales are down by about 7 percent as compared to two years ago. Clothing wholesalers have found, however, that the proportion of credit extended to retailers that was paid off on time fell sharply in the first year of the recession but returned to its prerecession level in the second year.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the change between the first and the second year of recession in the proportion of credit not paid off on time?

A.

The total amount of credit extended to retailers by clothing wholesalers increased between the first year of the recession and the second year.

B.

Between the first and second years of the recession, clothing retailers in Russia saw many of their costs, rent and utilities in particular, increase.

C.

Of the considerable number of clothing retailers in Russia who were having financial difficulties before the start of the recession, virtually all were forced to go out of business during its first year.

D.

Clothing retailers in Russia attempted to stimulate sales in the second year of the recession by discounting merchandise.

E.

Relatively recession-proof segments of the clothing trade, such as work clothes, did not suffer any decrease in sales during the first year of the recession.

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