Practice Questions on Critical Reasoning
Verbal Test Questions and Answers

Difficult Critical Reasoning Question - 1

Q1.

Museums that house Renaissance oil paintings typically store them in environments that are carefully kept within  narrow margins of temperature and humidity to inhibit any deterioration. Laboratory tests have shown that the kind of oil paint used in these paintings actually adjusts to climatic changes quite well. If, as some museum directors believe, paint is the most sensitive substance in these works, then by relaxing the standards for temperature and humidity control, museums can reduce energy costs without risking damage to these paintings. Museums would be rash to relax those standards, however, since results of preliminary tests indicate that gesso, a compound routinely used by Renaissance artists to help paint adhere to the canvas, is unable to withstand significant variations in humidity.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A.

The first is an objection that has been raised against the position taken by the argument; the second is the position taken by the argument.

B.

The first is the position taken by the argument; the second is the position that the argument calls into question.

C.

The first is a judgment that has been offered in support of the position that the argument calls into question; the second is a circumstance on which that judgment is, in part, based.

D.

The first is a judgment that has been offered in support of the position that the argument calls into question; the second is that position.

E.

The first is a claim that the argument calls into question; the second is the position taken by the argument.

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Difficult Critical Reasoning Question - 2

Q2.

Hotco oil burners, designed to be used in asphalt plants, are so efficient that Hotco will sell one to the Clifton Asphalt plant for no payment other than the cost savings between the total amount the asphalt plant actually paid for oil using its former burner during the last two years and the total amount it will payfor oil using the Hotco burner during the next two years. On installation, the plant will make an estimated payment, which will be adjusted after two years to equal the actual cost savings.

Which of the following, if it occurred, would constitute a disadvantage for Hotco of the plan described above?

A.

Another manufacturer's introduction to the market of a similarly efficient burner

B.

The Clifton Asphalt plant's need for more than one new burner

C.

Very poor efficiency in the Clifton Asphalt plant's old burner

D.

A decrease in the demand for asphalt

E.

A steady increase in the price of oil beginning soon after the new burner is installed

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Difficult Critical Reasoning Question - 3

Q3.

An experiment was done in which human subjects recognize a pattern within a matrix of abstract designs and then select another design that completes that pattern. The results ofthe experiment were surprising. The lowest expenditure of energy in neurons in the brain wasfound in those subjects who performed most successfully in the experiments.

Which of the following hypotheses best accounts for the findings of the experiment?

A.

The neurons of the brain react less when a subject is trying to recognize patterns than when the subject is doing other kinds of reasoning.

B.

Those who performed best in the experiment experiencedmore satisfaction when working with abstract patterns than did those who performed less well.

C.

People who are better at abstract pattern recognition have more energy-efficient neural connections.

D.

The energy expenditure of the subjects' brains increases when a design that completes the initially recognized pattern is determined.

E.

The task of completing a given design is more capably performed by athletes, whose energy expenditure is lower when they are at rest.

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Difficult Critical Reasoning Question - 4

Q4.

 One way to judge the performance of a company is to compare it with other companies. This technique, commonly called "benchmarking," permits the manager of a company to discover better industrial practices and can provide a justification for the adoption of good practices.

Any of the following, if true, is a valid reason for benchmarking the performance of a company against companies with which it is not in competition ratherthan against competitors EXCEPT:

A.

Comparisons with competitors are most likely to focus on practices that the manager making the comparisons already employs.

B.

Getting "inside" information about the unique practices of competitors is particularly difficult.

C.

Since companies that compete with each other are likely to have comparable levels of efficiency, only benchmarking against non competitors is likely to reveal practices that would aid in beating competitors.

D.

Managers are generally more receptive to new ideas that they find outside their own industry.

E.

Much of the success of good companies is due to their adoption of practices that take advantage of the special circumstances of their products or markets.

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Difficult Critical Reasoning Question - 5

Q5.

 For a trade embargo against a particularcountryto succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. Atotal blockade of Patria's ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

The claims above, iftrue, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?

A.

The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria inthe event of a blockade.

B.

As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.

C.

A naval blockade of Patria's ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.

D.

Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.

E.

For a blockade of Patria's ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.

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