Practice Questions on Reading Comprehension
Verbal Test Questions and Answers

Common Information

In response to the increasing environmental damage wrought by poachers, authorities placed a ban on ivory in the 1980s. Although the ban resulted in an initial decrease in the sale and trade of illegal ivory and a concurrent increase in the elephant population, more pressing needs caused most Western nations to withdraw funding for poaching prevention programs. Without significant financial support, poorer countries were unable to effectively combat poachers. The resulting explosion in the ivory trade has seen prices increase to nearly 10 times the $45 per pound price at the beginning of the decade.

Unfortunately, the countries with the worst poaching problems have also tended to be the ones least able to combat the problem due to unstable political systems, corruption, lack of comprehensive enforcement programs, or some combination of all these factors. One primary hindrance to better enforcement of the ivory ban came from an inability to definitively identify the country of origin of illegal ivory. 

Countries used this uncertainty to avoid responsibility for curbing illegal poaching in their territories by attempting to blame other countries for the oversights in enforcement. Now, though, zoologists have perfected a new DNA identification system. First, scientists gathered genetic data from the population of African elephants, an arduous effort that ultimately resulted in a detailed DNA-based map of the distribution of African elephants. Then, the researchers developed a method to extract DNA evidence from ivory, allowing them to match the ivory with elephant populations on the map. Zoologists hope this new method will pinpoint the exact origin of poached ivory and force countries to accept their responsibility in enforcing the ban.

Moderate Reading Comprehension Question - 31

Q31.

Common Information Question: 1/4

The passage suggests which of the following about the ivory ban?

A.

It has been mostly unsuccessful in reducing the trade of illegal ivory.

B.

It will be successful now that the DNA-based map has been developed.

C.

Western countries will increase their funding of the program now that countries are forced to take responsibility for the poaching occurring within their borders.

D.

Western monetary support was a major factor in its success.

E.

It will continue to be ineffective unless the problems of political corruption are solved.

 View Ans

Moderate Reading Comprehension Question - 32

Q32.

Common Information Question: 2/4

The response of the countries with the worst poaching problems to the situation was most analogous to:

A.

a criminal who argues that it is not he but one of his accomplices who is guilty of a crime

B.

a tax evader who uses deceptive accounting practices to hide her income from auditors

C.

a white collar criminal who believes that his actions are not a crime because no one has been hurt

D.

an embezzler who steals from her company by pilfering small amounts of money over a long period of time

E.

a con artist who convinces his victim that it is in the victim’s best interest to help him

 View Ans

Moderate Reading Comprehension Question - 33

Q33.

Common Information Question: 3/4

The passage suggests which of the following about the DNA-based map created by zoologists?

A.

The map is able to pinpoint the exact elephant from which poached ivory was obtained.

B.

Its assemblage involved a great deal of work on the part of the researchers.

C.

Its creation will force countries to accept responsibility for the ivory poached from within their borders.

D.

It allows zoologists to keep track of the migration patterns of African elephants.

E.

It must be updated constantly to account for changes in elephant populations.

 View Ans

Moderate Reading Comprehension Question - 34

Q34.

Common Information Question: 4/4

The passage is chiefly concerned with:

A.

exposing the weaknesses of the ivory ban

B.

criticizing countries for failing to accept responsibility for the proliferation of poachers

C.

pleading with Western countries to re-institute financing for the ivory ban

D.

advocating a course of action for countries with poaching problems

E.

detailing a way to overcome a problem that has lessened the effectiveness of the ivory ban

 View Ans

Common Information

On the whole, the American population has very little taste for income redistribution as economic policy. Beginning in the 1930s, public opinion polls have rarely shown strong support for income redistribution; during times of economic hardship, the percentage of Americans in favor of such a system has barely crested 50 percent. Similarly, Americans have been reluctant to press for a limit on the profits of big corporations, with less than a third of those polled in the 20 year span between 1950 and 1970 favouring such a policy.

Even during the Depression, the populace was reluctant to embrace income redistribution as a solution to the country’s woes. In 1939, over 60 percent of respondents indicated that the government should not increase taxes on the wealthy and an overwhelming majority—over 80 percent—rejected the idea of the government confiscating wealth. Clearly, the American spirit of Lockean liberalism and rugged individualism runs deep. It appears that most people are content to trust income distribution to the private market.

Of course, while overall support for income distribution remains low on average, there are some significant differences in levels of support based on income levels. As expected, those in the lowest income bracket demonstrate the strongest support for employment and income maintenance programs. However, contrary to expectations, these differences in support were not largest during the volatile economic times of the 1930s and 1940s. Rather, the documented differences in support based on income have been relatively stable over time. On the whole, political scientists have noticed anywhere from a 22 percent to 34 percent difference between the opinions of those classified as "prosperous" and those classified as "poor" on the question of income redistribution.

Moderate Reading Comprehension Question - 35

Q35.

Common Information Question: 1/4

The main point made by the passage is that:

A.

The American spirit of Lockean liberalism is primarily responsible for the population’s rejection of income redistribution.

B.

Despite some variations in support based on income levels, the American population on the whole views income redistribution policies with disfavour, even during times of economic hardship.

C.

Although polls have indicated some variation in response level, on the whole, less than 50 percent of Americans support income redistribution.

D.

Poll results on government income redistribution policies have remained stable over time, even during periods of economic hardship.

E.

Income redistribution is not viewed as the solution to economic difficulties by the majority of American citizens.

 View Ans
Hide
 
 
 

Number formats

Decimals
Lofoya.com   2016

You may drag this calculator