The part after the semicolon expands upon the first part of the sentence.
So, since the first part tells us that there is no money in archaeology, then there will only be small (paltry) amounts for excavating. Also ‘even more’ indicates that another similar word is required. Thus, meager also means small.
An essential purpose of the criminal justice system is to enable purgation to take place; that is, to provide a _______ by which a community expresses its collective ________ the transgression of the criminal
Here is the task is to determine the communal reaction to crime. The writer maintains that the criminal justice system of punishments allows the community to purge itself of its anger, its sense of outrage at the criminal's acts. Thus, it provides a catharsis or purgation for the community.
Remember in double blank sentences, go through the answers, testing the first word in each choice and eliminating those that do not fit. In this case you can readily eliminate.
Choices B and D: it is unlikely that an essential purpose of the criminal justice system would be the provision of either a disclaimer (denial or disavowal, as in disavowing responsibility for a legal claim) or a document.
Moderate Sentence Completion Question - 4
The revolution in art has not lost its steam; it ____ on as fiercely as ever.
‘as ever’ indicates that things have not changed, so the two halves of the sentence need to say similar things.
So, if the revolution has not lost its steam, it will be going on as strongly as before. Therefore rages is the best word.
Also the word ‘fiercely’ indicates that we need a strong word.
(trudges = walks as though tired; meanders = wanders; ambles = walks aimlessly)
Moderate Sentence Completion Question - 5
Elinor ____ to counteract her negative feelings, but only succeeded in ____ them
‘But’ indicates a need for opposites. Thus the sentence implies that she tried to overcome negative feelings but only succeeded in making them worse. Hence, we choose endeavoured (tried) and intensifying (making stronger).
(allaying = mitigating = making less severe; ameliorating = improving; deprecating = criticizing)